The Holy See has always had a special relationship with Italy. First of all, the Pope lives in Rome. Second, it has a detailed agreement with the Italian Government -partly regarding also those ecclesiastic properties in Piedmont that were confiscated 150 years ago after the Italian Unification.
Third, Italian politicians hold a substantial influence [...]
What do Universities of Padua, Bologna, Louvain, Paris, Prague and Oxford have in common? They all come from “the heart of the Church”. John Paul II explained it in the Pastoral Constitution Ex corde ecclesiae, written in 1990. Looking hindsight, the decision of John Paul II to write this Pastoral Constitution (considered the [...]